The marking on the side of the tire tells us the basic size of the tire, the rim diameter and the width of the rim. We will illustrate how to read the different types of markings that may appear on the side of rally/racing tires.
Rally Tire Sizing Eg. 205/65 R 15
- 205 is the CSW of the tire in mm
- 65 is the aspect ratio
- R – Radial construction
- 15 – Nominal rim diameter in inches
Race Tire Sizing (Classification 1) Eg. 200/540-13
- 200 is the TW of the tire in mm
- 540 is the OD of the tire in mm
- 13 – Nominal rim diameter in inches
Race Tire Sizing (Classification 2) Eg. 240/640-18
- 240 is the CSW of the tire in mm
- 640 is the OD of the tire in mm
- 18 – Nominal rim diameter in inches
Tires should be stored in a cool, dry and dark place away from direct sunlight (Suggested storage temperature: 25OC +5OC)
Recommended width of the wheel as specified to be used for optimum performance. However, from the original specified rim width +0.5’’ can also be used. ETRTO/JATMA standards can be referred for the correct rim width.
Tire Mounting and Removal
Mounting/demounting should be done by trained personnel using a suitable mounting machine. Prior to fitment, inspect the rim and tyres for any external damage. Tires have to be mounted according to the direction of rotation specified on the sidewall. The rim seating area and tire beads should be lubricated. Recommended tire pressure to be followed. Check for the proper seating of the beads and tyre centring with reference to RCR (Rim Centre Ring) after inflation. Balancing of the tyres must be done.
Left & Right
Directional pattern tyres must be used on the correct side. Left or Right and Outer side marking on the sidewall must be followed for the best performance.
Hand-Cut Tread Pattern
Groove width between the pattern blocks can be widened if required. However, hand cutting the buttons could alter the performance. Hence a careful decision is to be made based on the terrain conditions.
Compound Hardness Marking
Rally tire and racing tyre compounds are designed for different applications, usage, weather conditions and track temperatures. Compound hardness is identified by H (hard compound), M (Medium compound), S (Soft compound ), SS (Super Soft compound) and W (Wet Compound).